We propose a constitutive model which describes the transformation plasticity accompanying strain-induced martensitic transformation in nonthermoelastic alloys. The model consists of two parts: a transformation kinetics law describing the evolution of the volume fraction of martensite and a constitutive law defining the flow strength of the evolving two-phase composite. The Olson-Cohen model for martensite volume fraction evolution is recast in a generalized rate form so that the extent of martensite nucleation is not only a function of plastic strain and temperature, but also of the stress state. A selfconsistent method is then used for predicting the resultant stress-strain behavior. The model describes both the hardening influence of the transformation product, and the softening influence of the transformation itself, as represented by a spontaneous transformation strain. The model is then implemented in a finite element program suitable for analysis of boundary value problems. Model predictions are compared with existing experimental data for austenitic steels. We present results from a few simple analyses, including tensile necking, illustrating the critical importance of stress state sensitivity in the evolution model.
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