A cross-sectional study of endogenous tissue plasminogen activator, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and apolipoproteins A-I, A-II, and B-100

Paul M. Ridker*, Douglas E. Vaughan, Meir J. Stampfer, Frank M. Sacks, Charles H. Hennekens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Elevated levels of endogenous tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) appear to be a marker for preclinical atherosclerosis. At present, however, data describing potential relations between plasma t-PA level and established lipid risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis are sparse. To explore these potential relations, we measured plasma levels of t-PA antigen (t-PA:ag) in 633 apparently healthy men in the Physicians' Health Study as well as total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, HDL2 cholesterol, HDL3 cholesterol, and apolipoproteins A-I, A-II, and B-100. Overall, plasma t-PA:ag levels were inversely correlated with HDL cholesterol (r=-.1616, P<.0005), HDL2 cholesterol (r=-.1632, P<.0005), and HDL3 cholesterol (r=-.0927, P=.019). In stratified analyses, the inverse association between t-PA:ag and HDL cholesterol was present-among frequent (P trend=.002) and infrequent (P trend=.004) consumers of alcohol as well as among the subgroups of frequent exercisers (P trend<.001), men in the lower half of body mass index (P trend=.001), and nonsmokers (P trend<.001). In contrast, there was no association between t-PA:ag and total cholesterol (r=.0219, P=.58), whereas relations of t-PA:ag with apolipoproteins A-I, A-II, and B-100 were minimal and of borderline significance. These data indicate that plasma levels of endogenous t-PA:ag are inversely related to HDL cholesterol as well as HDL2 and HDL3 cholesterol. Further research will be required to determine whether these modest but highly significant associations are due to a direct effect of lipids on fibrinolytic function or to independent associations of both t-PA:ag and lipids with atherosclerosis or are mediated by a third unmeasured variable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1587-1592
Number of pages6
JournalArteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Keywords

  • Apolipoproteins
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cholesterol
  • Epidemiology
  • HDL cholesterol
  • Thrombosis
  • t-PA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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