A cyclic metabolic network in Pseudomonas protegens Pf-5 prioritizes the Entner-Doudoroff pathway and exhibits substrate hierarchy during carbohydrate coutilization

Rebecca A. Wilkes, Caroll M. Mendonca, Ludmilla Aristilde*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The genetic characterization of Pseudomonas protegens Pf-5 was recently completed. However, the inferred metabolic network structure has not yet been evaluated experimentally. Here, we employed 13C -tracers and quantitative flux analysis to investigate the intracellular network for carbohydrate metabolism. In lieu of the direct phosphorylation of glucose by glucose kinase, glucose catabolism was characterized primarily by the oxidation of glucose to gluconate and 2-ketogluconate before the phosphorylation of these metabolites to feed the Entner-Doudoroff (ED) pathway. In the absence of phosphofructokinase activity, a cyclic flux from the ED pathway to the upper Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas (EMP) pathway was responsible for routing glucose-derived carbons to the non-oxidative pentose phosphate (PP) pathway. Consistent with the lack of annotated genes in P. protegens Pf-5 for the transport or initial catabolism of pentoses and galactose, only glucose was assimilated into intracellular metabolites in the presence of xylose, arabinose, or galactose. However, when glucose was fed simultaneously with fructose or mannose, co-uptake of these hexoses was evident, but glucose was preferred over fructose (3 to 1) and over mannose (4 to 1). Despite gene annotation of mannose catabolism to fructose-6-phosphate, metabolite labeling patterns revealed that mannose was assimilated into fructose-1,6-bisphosphate, similarly to fructose catabolism. Remarkably, carbons from mannose and fructose were also found to cycle backward through the upper EMP pathway toward the ED pathway. Therefore, the operational metabolic network for processing carbohydrates in P. protegens Pf-5 prioritizes flux through the ED pathway to channel carbons to EMP, PP, and downstream pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere02084-18
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume85
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Carbohydrate co-utilization
  • Hexose sugar
  • Metabolic flux analysis
  • Metabolomics
  • Pseudomonas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Ecology

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