A Davies/Hahn multi-sequence for studies of spin relaxation in pulsed ENDOR

Tran Chin Yang, Brian M. Hoffman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


We extend earlier studies of the effects of relaxation on the intensities of pulsed ENDOR signals by introducing a Davies/Hahn (D/H) pulsed ENDOR multi-sequence that corresponds to a series of Davies sequences with the preparation pulse 'turned off'. In this pulse train, the Hahn [π/2, π] detection pulse pair of sequence n-1 both generates the echo detected for that sequence and acts as the preparation portion of sequence n, in effect replacing the π preparation pulse of the Davies sequence. We show both theoretically, through a master-equation approach, and with both 1H (I = 1/2) and 14N (I = 1) ENDOR experiments on the non-heme Fe enzymes, superoxide reductase (SOR) (S = 1/2) and AntDO (S = 3/2), that under conditions of high electron-spin polarization (high microwave frequency/low temperature) the D/H multi-sequence allows simplification of ENDOR spectra by suppression of nuclear transitions associated with the mS = +1/2 (α) manifold. As such suppression depends on the sign of A, it allows determination of this sign. The suppression as a function of the time between individual sequences is found to exhibit behaviors that can be classified into three regimes of the ratio of cross-relaxation to spin-lattice relaxation rates: strong cross-relaxation (X-case); comparable rates (XL); negligible cross relaxation (L). Interestingly, the ENDOR behavior of the S = 1/2 SOR center indicates it is an L case, while the S = 3/2 AntDO is an L case. Overall, the D/H protocol appears to be a robust and general tool for using relaxation effects to manipulate ENDOR spectra.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)280-286
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2006


  • Hyperfine coupling sign
  • Pulsed ENDOR
  • Spin-lattice relaxation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry


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