Background: Little is known about how decision-making conversations occur during pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) family conferences (FCs). Objective: Describe the decision-making process and implementation of shared decision making (SDM) during PICU FCs. Design: Observational study. Setting/Subjects: University-based tertiary care PICU, including 31 parents and 94 PICU healthcare professionals involved in FCs. Measurements: We recorded, transcribed, and analyzed 14 PICU FCs involving decision-making discussions. We used a modified grounded theory and content analysis approach to explore the use of traditionally described stages of decision making (DM) (information exchange, deliberation, and determining a plan). We also identified the presence or absence of predefined SDM elements. Results: DM involved the following modified stages: information exchange; information-oriented deliberation; plan-oriented deliberation; and determining a plan. Conversations progressed through stages in a nonlinear manner. For the main decision discussed, all conferences included a presentation of the clinical issues, treatment alternatives, and uncertainty. A minority of FCs included assessing the family's understanding (21%), assessing the family's need for input from others (28%), exploring the family's desired decision-making role (35%), and eliciting the family's opinion (42%). Conclusions: In the FCs studied, we found that DM is a nonlinear process. We also found that several SDM elements that could provide information about parents' perspectives and needs did not always occur, identifying areas for process improvement.
- decision making
- family conferences
- pediatric intensive care
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine