A family study of the DSM-5 section III personality pathology model using the personality inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5)

Andrea C. Katz, Danelle Hee, Christine I. Hooker, Stewart A Shankman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

In Section III of the DSM-5, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) proposes a pathological personality trait model of personality disorders. The recommended assessment instrument is the Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5), an empirically derived scale that assesses personality pathology along five domains and 25 facets. Although the PID-5 demonstrates strong convergent validity with other personality measures, no study has examined whether it identifies traits that run in families, another important step toward validating the DSM-5’s dimensional model. Using a family study method, we investigated familial associations of PID-5 domain and facet scores in 195 families, examining associations between parents and offspring and across siblings. The Psychoticism, Antagonism, and Detachment domains showed significant familial aggregation, as did facets of Negative Affect and Disinhibition. Results are discussed in the context of personality pathology and family study methodology. The results also help validate the PID-5, given the familial nature of personality traits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)753-765
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of personality disorders
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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