A formidable challenge: The diagnosis and treatment of viral myocarditis in children

Derek S. Wheeler, Neil W. Kooy*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


It is generally well accepted that one third of patients with viral myocarditis experience a complete recovery of normal cardiac function, one third improve clinically but show residual cardiac dysfunction, and one third experience chronic heart failure and die or require heart transplantation. It is hoped that a better understanding of the underlying cause and pathogenesis of this disease will increase the number of patients who experience a complete recovery. New advances in both the diagnosis and treatment of viral myocarditis continue to enter clinical practice at a rapid pace, and it is likely that a genomic approach to the diagnostic evaluation and treatment of this disease will become possible in the near future. Viral myocarditis, however, will remain a significant diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to both physicians and scientists alike.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-391
Number of pages27
JournalCritical Care Clinics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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