A framework for supporting joint interpersonal attention in distributed groups

Jeremy Birnholtz*, Johnathon Schultz, Matthew Lepage, Carl Gutwin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Informal interactions are a key element of workgroup communication, but have proven difficult to support in distributed groups. One reason for this is that existing systems have focused either on novel means for gathering information about the availability or activity of others, or on allowing people to display their activities to others. There has not been sufficient focus on the interplay between these activities. This interplay is important, however, because mutual awareness and attention are the mechanisms by which people negotiate the start of conversations. In this paper, we present the OpenMessenger Framework, a system and design framework rooted in the assumption that individual behaviors occur in anticipation of and/or in response to the behavior of others. We describe both the system architecture, and specific examples of the novel implementations it enables. These include techniques for coupling gathering behaviors with display behaviors, and for integrating these into user workspaces via peripheral displays and gaze tracking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHuman-Computer Interaction - INTERACT 2011 - 13th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Proceedings
Pages295-312
Number of pages18
EditionPART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Event13th IFIP TC 13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, INTERACT 2011 - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: Sep 5 2011Sep 9 2011

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
NumberPART 1
Volume6946 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other13th IFIP TC 13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, INTERACT 2011
Country/TerritoryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period9/5/119/9/11

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Awareness
  • CMC
  • CSCW
  • Interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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