A Functional Role for CCR6 on Proallergic T Cells in the Gastrointestinal Tract

Ana Belén Blázquez, Adina Kay Knight, Hoheteberhan Getachew, Jonathan S. Bromberg, Sergio A. Lira, Lloyd Mayer, M. Cecilia Berin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: CCL20 is a chemokine that regulates the homeostatic and inflammatory trafficking of leukocytes to the small intestine and regulates the development of the gastrointestinal lymphoid architecture. T cells expressing T helper cell (Th) 2 cytokines are critical for experimental food allergy, and we hypothesized that CCL20 is involved in the localization of these cells to the gut. Methods: We evaluated the role of CCR6 in allergic diarrhea induced by sensitization and oral challenge with ovalbumin (OVA) using CCR6+/+ and CCR6-/- mice. Results: CCR6-/- mice were protected from OVA-induced diarrhea but surprisingly were not impaired in mastocytosis or allergen-specific immunoglobulin E. CCR6-/- mice were also protected from T cell-mediated diarrhea induced by anti-CD3 antibody. Allergic diarrhea was associated with an increased expression of Th2 cytokines within the intestinal mucosa that was significantly reduced in CCR6-/- mice. Inhibition of lymphocyte homing by treatment with FTY720 did not impair allergic diarrhea, indicating that reactivation of T cells could occur locally within the small intestine. Finally, T-cell transfer studies demonstrated that CCR6 was required both on the transferred T cells and in the recipient mouse to manifest allergic disease in the gastrointestinal tract. Conclusions: These studies highlight a mast cell- and immunoglobulin E-independent role for CCR6-bearing T cells in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal allergic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-284.e4
JournalGastroenterology
Volume138
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

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