A green tea-derived polyphenol, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, inhibits IκB kinase activation and IL-8 gene expression in respiratory epithelium

Philip C. Chen, Derek S. Wheeler, Vivek Malhotra, Kelli Odoms, Alvin G. Denenberg, Hector R. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a principle neutrophil chemoattractant and activator in humans. There is interest in developing novel pharmacological inhibitors of IL-8 gene expression as a means for modulating inflammation in disease states such as acute lung injury. Herein we determined the effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a green tea-derived polyphenol, on tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-mediated expression of the IL-8 gene in A549 cells. EGCG inhibited TNF-α-mediated IL-8 gene expression in a dose response manner, as measured by ELISA and Northern blot analysis. This effect appears to primarily involve inhibition of IL-8 transcription because EGCG inhibited TNF-α-mediated activation of the IL-8 promoter in cells transiently transfected with an IL-8 promoter-luciferase reporter plasmid. In addition, EGCG inhibited TNF-α-mediated activation of IκB kinase and subsequent activation of the IκBα/NF-κB pathway. We conclude that EGCG is a potent inhibitor of IL-8 gene expression in vitro. The proximal mechanism of this effect involves, in part, inhibition of IκB kinase activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number379072
Pages (from-to)233-241
Number of pages9
JournalInflammation
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • IκBα
  • Nuclear factor-κB
  • Signal transduction
  • Tumor necrosis factor-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A green tea-derived polyphenol, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, inhibits IκB kinase activation and IL-8 gene expression in respiratory epithelium'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this