A high strength, wear and corrosion-resistant, antibacterial and biocompatible Nb-5 at.% Ag alloy for dental and orthopedic implants

Tian Wan, Kangjie Chu, Ju Fang, Chuanxin Zhong, Yiwen Zhang, Xiang Ge, Yonghui Ding, Fuzeng Ren*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Refractory metal niobium (Nb) incorporated with a small amount of silver (Ag), the resulting Nb-Ag two-phase alloys, were fabricated by mechanical alloying and spark plasma sintering. The microstructure, mechanical properties, wear resistance, corrosion behavior, in vitro and in vivo antibacterial properties and biocompatibility of the Nb-Ag alloys were systematically investigated. The results show that the mechanical properties, wear resistance, corrosion resistance and antibacterial ability were significantly enhanced after addition of 5 at.% Ag. The fabricated Nb-5 at.% Ag alloy demonstrates high yield strength of up to ∼ 1486 MPa and fracture strain of ∼ 35 %. The precipitated Ag particles could reduce friction and wear. The enhanced corrosion resistance was attributed to the higher relative density of the sintered alloys and the formation of a stable and dense passive film of niobium and silver oxides. In vitro and in vivo evaluations show that the Nb-5 at.% Ag alloy also has strong antibacterial activity and good biocompatibility and osteointegration ability. These results demonstrate great potential of the nanostructured Nb-Ag alloys for dental and orthopedic implants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)266-278
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Volume80
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 30 2021

Keywords

  • Antibacterial
  • Biocompatibility
  • Corrosion
  • Nb-Ag alloys
  • Wear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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