We present the Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope discovery of the highly eccentric binary millisecond pulsar PSR J1835-3259A in the Fermi Large Area Telescope-detected globular cluster NGC 6652. Timing over one orbit yields the pulse period 3.89 ms, orbital period 9.25 days, eccentricity ∼ 0.95, and an unusually high companion mass of 0.74 M⊙ assuming a 1.4 M⊙ pulsar. We caution that the lack of data near periastron prevents a precise measurement of the eccentricity, and that further timing is necessary to constrain this and the other orbital parameters. From tidal considerations, we find that the companion must be a compact object. This system likely formed through an exchange encounter in the dense cluster environment. Our initial timing results predict the measurements of at least two post-Keplerian parameters with long-term phase-connected timing: the rate of periastron advance ω ∼ yr-1, requiring 1 year of phase connection; and the Einstein delay γGR ∼ 10 ms, requiring 2-3 years of timing. For an orbital inclination i > 50°, a measurement of sin i is also likely. PSR J1835-3259A thus provides an opportunity to measure the neutron star mass with high precision, to probe the cluster environment, and, depending on the nature of the companion, to investigate the limits of general relativity.
- binaries: close - equation of state
- globular clusters: individual (NGC 6652, NGC 6388)
- pulsars: individual (NGC 6652A)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science