A historical perspective on porphyrin-based metal–organic frameworks and their applications

Xuan Zhang, Megan C. Wasson, Mohsen Shayan, Ellan K. Berdichevsky, Joseph Ricardo-Noordberg, Zujhar Singh, Edgar K. Papazyan, Anthony J. Castro, Paola Marino, Zvart Ajoyan, Zhijie Chen, Timur Islamoglu, Ashlee J. Howarth*, Yangyang Liu, Marek B. Majewski, Michael J. Katz, Joseph E. Mondloch, Omar K. Farha

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations


Porphyrins are important molecules widely found in nature in the form of enzyme active sites and visible light absorption units. Recent interest in using these functional molecules as building blocks for the construction of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have rapidly increased due to the ease in which the locations of, and the distances between, the porphyrin units can be controlled in these porous crystalline materials. Porphyrin-based MOFs with atomically precise structures provide an ideal platform for the investigation of their structure–function relationships in the solid state without compromising accessibility to the inherent properties of the porphyrin building blocks. This review will provide a historical overview of the development and applications of porphyrin-based MOFs from early studies focused on design and structures, to recent efforts on their utilization in biomimetic catalysis, photocatalysis, electrocatalysis, sensing, and biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number213615
JournalCoordination Chemistry Reviews
StatePublished - Feb 15 2021


  • Biomedical applications
  • Catalysis
  • Metal–organic frameworks
  • Porphyrin
  • Sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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