Currently little is known about the mechanisms regulating the homing and the early engraftment of prenatally transplanted hematopoietic cells due to the lack of a relevant functional assay. In this study, we have defined a reproducible kinetic profile of the homing and the early engraftment events in a murine model of prenatal stem cell transplantation. Light density mononuclear cells (LDMCs) from adult C57Pep3b and SJL/J marrow were transplanted by intraperitoneal (IP) injection into C57BL/6 fetuses (106 LDMCs/fetus) at 14 days of gestation. The fetuses were sacrificed at early time points (1.5 to 96 hours) after transplantation. Recipient fetal liver and cord blood were analyzed for donor cell frequency and donor cell phenotype by dual color flow cytometry. Pertinent findings included the following: (1) a tripbasic kinetic profile exists after in utero hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation (homing of circulating donor cells, rapid reduction of donor cell frequency, and donor cell competitive equilibration); (2) homing to the fetal liver is nonselective and reflects the phenotypic profile of the donor population; and (3) the kinetics after the prenatal transplantation of congenic or fully allogeneic cells are identical. This model will facilitate a systematic analysis of the mechanisms that regulate the homing of prenatally transplanted hematopoietic cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology