A kyphectomy technique with reduced perioperative morbidity for myelomeningocele kyphosis

Mark T. Nolden, John F. Sarwark*, Anand Vora, John J. Grayhack

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Design. The lumbar sacropelvis in 11 patients with myelomeningocele and kyphosis was treated with a subtraction kyphectomy technique and posterior instrumentation. The results of this procedure in the 11 patients were evaluated and compared with previous results. Objective. To examine critically their experience using the subtraction (decancellation) vertebrectomy technique combined with posterior instrumentation for myelomeningocele kyphosis, the authors reviewed the charts of 18 myelomeningocele patients who underwent surgery for lumbar kyphosis between 1994 and 1998. Summary of Background. The benefits of restoring sagittal spinal alignment in myelomeningocele patients with severe lumbar kyphosis deformity to achieve postural stability and improved sitting balance generally are accepted. The optimal method of deformity correction, the extent of instrumentation, and the role of limited arthrodesis remain undefined. Methods. Of the 18 patients considered, 11 met the inclusion criteria of having undergone reconstruction using a subtraction (decancellation) vertebrectomy technique, preservation of the thecal sac, limited arthrodesis with posterior transpedicular lumbosacral instrumentation, and a minimum follow-up evaluation of 2 years. The study considered the age of the patient, number of levels fused, estimated blood loss, preoperative deformity, immediate postoperative correction, magnitude of correction, and maintenance of correction at latest follow-up assessment. Results. The average age at the time of the index procedure was 6 years (range, 3-12 years). The average preoperative kyphosis was 88° (range, 50-149°). Immediately after surgery, the average curve measurement was 3° lordosis (range, 50° to 50°). The average magnitude of postoperative sagittal plane deformity correction was 91° (range, 43-126°). Finally, the magnitude of correction maintained at the final follow-up assessment averaged 66° (range, 22-114°). This represented an average loss of correction at 2 years of 24° (range, 0-84°). There were no deaths, episodes of acute-onset hydrocephalus, vascular complications, or chronic deep wound infections. Conclusions. The subtraction (decancellation) vertebrectomy technique with preservation of the dural sac is a safe and efficacious technique for correction and stabilization of myelomeningocele kyphosis in young patients. Morbidity is reduced, as compared with that of excision techniques. Restoration of sagittal alignment at the time of initial correction and stabilization to achieve a balanced spine led to acceptable results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1807-1813
Number of pages7
JournalSpine
Volume27
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2002

Keywords

  • Decancellation
  • Kyphectomy
  • Kyphosis
  • Myelomeningocele

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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