A long-period totally eclipsing binary star at the turnoff of the open cluster NGC 6819 discovered with Kepler

Eric L. Sandquist*, Robert D. Mathieu, Karsten Brogaard, Soren Meibom, Aaron M. Geller, Jerome A. Orosz, Katelyn E. Milliman, Mark W. Jeffries, Lauren N. Brewer, Imants Platais, Frank Grundahl, Hans Bruntt, Soren Frandsen, Dennis Stello

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the discovery of the totally eclipsing long-period (P = 771.8 days) binary system WOCS 23009 in the old open cluster NGC 6819 that contains both an evolved star near central hydrogen exhaustion and a low-mass (0.45 M) star. This system was previously known to be a single-lined spectroscopic binary, but the discovery of an eclipse near apastron using data from the Kepler space telescope makes it clear that the system has an inclination that is very close to 90°. Although the secondary star has not been identified in spectra, the mass of the primary star can be constrained using other eclipsing binaries in the cluster. The combination of the total eclipses and a mass constraint for the primary star allows us to determine a reliable mass for the secondary star and radii for both stars, and to constrain the cluster age. Unlike well-measured stars of similar mass in field binaries, the low-mass secondary is not significantly inflated in radius compared to model predictions. The primary star characteristics, in combination with cluster photometry and masses from other cluster binaries, indicate a best age of 2.62 ± 0.25 Gyr, although stellar model physics may introduce systematic uncertainties at the ∼10% level. We find preliminary evidence that the asteroseismic predictions for red giant masses in this cluster are systematically too high by as much as 8%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number58
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume762
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • binaries: eclipsing
  • binaries: spectroscopic
  • open clusters and associations: individual (NGC 6819)
  • stars: distances
  • stars: evolution
  • stars: low-mass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Sandquist, E. L., Mathieu, R. D., Brogaard, K., Meibom, S., Geller, A. M., Orosz, J. A., Milliman, K. E., Jeffries, M. W., Brewer, L. N., Platais, I., Grundahl, F., Bruntt, H., Frandsen, S., & Stello, D. (2013). A long-period totally eclipsing binary star at the turnoff of the open cluster NGC 6819 discovered with Kepler. Astrophysical Journal, 762(1), [58]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/762/1/58