A Longitudinal Analysis of Treatment Optimism and HIV Acquisition and Transmission Risk Behaviors Among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men in HPTN 061

Matthew E. Levy*, Gregory Phillips, Manya Magnus, Irene Kuo, Geetha Beauchamp, Lynda Emel, Christopher Hucks-Ortiz, Erica L. Hamilton, Leo Wilton, Iris Chen, Sharon Mannheimer, Hong Van Tieu, Hyman Scott, Sheldon D. Fields, Carlos del Rio, Steven Shoptaw, Kenneth Mayer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Little is known about HIV treatment optimism and risk behaviors among Black men who have sex with men (BMSM). Using longitudinal data from BMSM in the HPTN 061 study, we examined participants’ self-reported comfort with having condomless sex due to optimistic beliefs regarding HIV treatment. We assessed correlates of treatment optimism and its association with subsequent risk behaviors for HIV acquisition or transmission using multivariable logistic regression with generalized estimating equations. Independent correlates of treatment optimism included age ≥35 years, annual household income <20,000, depressive symptoms, high HIV conspiracy beliefs, problematic alcohol use, and previous HIV diagnosis. Treatment optimism was independently associated with subsequent condomless anal sex with a male partner of serodiscordant/unknown HIV status among HIV-infected men, but this association was not statistically significant among HIV-uninfected men. HIV providers should engage men in counseling conversations to assess and minimize willingness to have condomless sex that is rooted in optimistic treatment beliefs without knowledge of viral suppression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2958-2972
Number of pages15
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume21
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Black men who have sex with men
  • Condom use
  • HIV
  • Sexual risk behaviors
  • Treatment optimism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Levy, M. E., Phillips, G., Magnus, M., Kuo, I., Beauchamp, G., Emel, L., Hucks-Ortiz, C., Hamilton, E. L., Wilton, L., Chen, I., Mannheimer, S., Tieu, H. V., Scott, H., Fields, S. D., del Rio, C., Shoptaw, S., & Mayer, K. (2017). A Longitudinal Analysis of Treatment Optimism and HIV Acquisition and Transmission Risk Behaviors Among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men in HPTN 061. AIDS and behavior, 21(10), 2958-2972. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-017-1756-z