A Longitudinal Study of IPV Victimization Among Sexual Minority Youth

Sarah W. Whitton, Michael Newcomb, Adam M. Messinger, Gayle Byck, Brian Mustanski*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is highly prevalent among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth, little is known regarding its developmental patterns, risk factors, or health-related consequences. We examined IPV victimization in an ethnically diverse community-based convenience sample of 248 LGBT youth (aged 16-20 at study outset) who provided six waves of data across a 5-year period. Results from multilevel models indicated high, stable rates of IPV victimization across this developmental period (ages 16-25 years) that differed between demographic groups. Overall, 45.2% of LGBT youth were physically abused and 16.9% were sexually victimized by a dating partner during the study. Odds of physical victimization were 76% higher for female than for male LGBT youth, 2.46 times higher for transgender than for cisgender youth, and 2 to 4 times higher for racial-ethnic minorities than for White youth. The prevalence of physical IPV declined with age for White youth but remained stable for racial-ethnic minorities. Odds of sexual victimization were 3.42 times higher for transgender than for cisgender youth, 75% higher for bisexual or questioning than for gay or lesbian youth, and increased more with age for male than female participants. Within-person analyses indicated that odds of physical IPV were higher at times when youth reported more sexual partners, more marijuana use, and lower social support; odds of sexual IPV were higher at times when youth reported more sexual partners and more LGBT-related victimization. In prospective analyses, sexual IPV predicted increased psychological distress; both IPV types marginally predicted increased marijuana use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)912-945
Number of pages34
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Fingerprint

Crime Victims
Longitudinal Studies
Transgender Persons
Sexual Partners
Intimate Partner Violence
Sexual Minorities
Cannabis

Keywords

  • LGBT
  • domestic violence
  • youth violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Whitton, Sarah W. ; Newcomb, Michael ; Messinger, Adam M. ; Byck, Gayle ; Mustanski, Brian. / A Longitudinal Study of IPV Victimization Among Sexual Minority Youth. In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2019 ; Vol. 34, No. 5. pp. 912-945.
@article{f909244d54414253aeaa46e22d2312e1,
title = "A Longitudinal Study of IPV Victimization Among Sexual Minority Youth",
abstract = "Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is highly prevalent among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth, little is known regarding its developmental patterns, risk factors, or health-related consequences. We examined IPV victimization in an ethnically diverse community-based convenience sample of 248 LGBT youth (aged 16-20 at study outset) who provided six waves of data across a 5-year period. Results from multilevel models indicated high, stable rates of IPV victimization across this developmental period (ages 16-25 years) that differed between demographic groups. Overall, 45.2{\%} of LGBT youth were physically abused and 16.9{\%} were sexually victimized by a dating partner during the study. Odds of physical victimization were 76{\%} higher for female than for male LGBT youth, 2.46 times higher for transgender than for cisgender youth, and 2 to 4 times higher for racial-ethnic minorities than for White youth. The prevalence of physical IPV declined with age for White youth but remained stable for racial-ethnic minorities. Odds of sexual victimization were 3.42 times higher for transgender than for cisgender youth, 75{\%} higher for bisexual or questioning than for gay or lesbian youth, and increased more with age for male than female participants. Within-person analyses indicated that odds of physical IPV were higher at times when youth reported more sexual partners, more marijuana use, and lower social support; odds of sexual IPV were higher at times when youth reported more sexual partners and more LGBT-related victimization. In prospective analyses, sexual IPV predicted increased psychological distress; both IPV types marginally predicted increased marijuana use.",
keywords = "LGBT, domestic violence, youth violence",
author = "Whitton, {Sarah W.} and Michael Newcomb and Messinger, {Adam M.} and Gayle Byck and Brian Mustanski",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0886260516646093",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "34",
pages = "912--945",
journal = "Journal of Interpersonal Violence",
issn = "0886-2605",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "5",

}

A Longitudinal Study of IPV Victimization Among Sexual Minority Youth. / Whitton, Sarah W.; Newcomb, Michael; Messinger, Adam M.; Byck, Gayle; Mustanski, Brian.

In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 34, No. 5, 01.03.2019, p. 912-945.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Longitudinal Study of IPV Victimization Among Sexual Minority Youth

AU - Whitton, Sarah W.

AU - Newcomb, Michael

AU - Messinger, Adam M.

AU - Byck, Gayle

AU - Mustanski, Brian

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is highly prevalent among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth, little is known regarding its developmental patterns, risk factors, or health-related consequences. We examined IPV victimization in an ethnically diverse community-based convenience sample of 248 LGBT youth (aged 16-20 at study outset) who provided six waves of data across a 5-year period. Results from multilevel models indicated high, stable rates of IPV victimization across this developmental period (ages 16-25 years) that differed between demographic groups. Overall, 45.2% of LGBT youth were physically abused and 16.9% were sexually victimized by a dating partner during the study. Odds of physical victimization were 76% higher for female than for male LGBT youth, 2.46 times higher for transgender than for cisgender youth, and 2 to 4 times higher for racial-ethnic minorities than for White youth. The prevalence of physical IPV declined with age for White youth but remained stable for racial-ethnic minorities. Odds of sexual victimization were 3.42 times higher for transgender than for cisgender youth, 75% higher for bisexual or questioning than for gay or lesbian youth, and increased more with age for male than female participants. Within-person analyses indicated that odds of physical IPV were higher at times when youth reported more sexual partners, more marijuana use, and lower social support; odds of sexual IPV were higher at times when youth reported more sexual partners and more LGBT-related victimization. In prospective analyses, sexual IPV predicted increased psychological distress; both IPV types marginally predicted increased marijuana use.

AB - Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is highly prevalent among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth, little is known regarding its developmental patterns, risk factors, or health-related consequences. We examined IPV victimization in an ethnically diverse community-based convenience sample of 248 LGBT youth (aged 16-20 at study outset) who provided six waves of data across a 5-year period. Results from multilevel models indicated high, stable rates of IPV victimization across this developmental period (ages 16-25 years) that differed between demographic groups. Overall, 45.2% of LGBT youth were physically abused and 16.9% were sexually victimized by a dating partner during the study. Odds of physical victimization were 76% higher for female than for male LGBT youth, 2.46 times higher for transgender than for cisgender youth, and 2 to 4 times higher for racial-ethnic minorities than for White youth. The prevalence of physical IPV declined with age for White youth but remained stable for racial-ethnic minorities. Odds of sexual victimization were 3.42 times higher for transgender than for cisgender youth, 75% higher for bisexual or questioning than for gay or lesbian youth, and increased more with age for male than female participants. Within-person analyses indicated that odds of physical IPV were higher at times when youth reported more sexual partners, more marijuana use, and lower social support; odds of sexual IPV were higher at times when youth reported more sexual partners and more LGBT-related victimization. In prospective analyses, sexual IPV predicted increased psychological distress; both IPV types marginally predicted increased marijuana use.

KW - LGBT

KW - domestic violence

KW - youth violence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85030983427&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85030983427&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0886260516646093

DO - 10.1177/0886260516646093

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 912

EP - 945

JO - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

JF - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

SN - 0886-2605

IS - 5

ER -