A meta-analysis comparing conventional end-to-end anastomosis vs. other anastomotic configurations after resection in Crohn's disease

Constantinos Simillis, Sanjay Purkayastha, Takayuki Yamamoto, Scott A. Strong, Ara W. Darzi, Paris P. Tekkis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

120 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study compared outcomes between end-to-end anastomosis and other anastomotic configurations after intestinal resection for patients with Crohn's disease by using meta-analytical techniques. METHODS: Comparative studies published between 1992 and 2005 of end-to-end anastomosis vs. other anastomotic configurations were included. Using a random effects model, end points evaluated were short-term complications and perianastomotic recurrence of Crohn's disease. Heterogeneity was assessed and sensitivity analysis was performed to account for bias in patient selection. RESULTS: Eight studies (2 prospective, randomized, controlled trials; 1 nonrandomized, prospective; 5 nonrandomized, retrospective studies) reported on 661 patients who underwent 712 anastomoses, of which 383 (53.8 percent) were sutured end-to-end anastomosis and 329 (46.2 percent) were other anastomotic configurations (259 stapled side-to-side, 59 end-to-side or side-to-end, 11 stapled circular end-to-end). Anastomotic leak rate was significantly reduced in the other anastomotic configurations group (odds ratio (OR), 4.37; P=0.02) and remained significantly lower in studies comparing only side-to-side anastomosis vs. end-to-end anastomosis (OR, 4.37; P=0.02) and studies including only ileocolonic anastomosis (OR, 3.8; P=0.05). Overall postoperative complications (OR, 2.64; P<0.001), complications other than anastomotic leak (OR, 1.89; P=0.04), and postoperative hospital stay (weighted mean difference, 2.81; P=0.007) were significantly reduced in the side-to-side anastomosis group when considering studies comparing only side-to-side anastomosis vs. end-to-end anastomosis. There was no significant difference between the groups in perianastomotic recurrence and reoperation needed because of perianastomotic recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: End-to-end anastomosis after resection for Crohn's disease may be associated with increased anastomotic leak rates. Side-to-side anastomosis may lead to fewer anastomotic leaks and overall postoperative complications, a shorter hospital stay, and a perianastomotic recurrence rate comparable to end-to-end anastomosis. Further randomized, controlled trials should be performed for confirmation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1674-1687
Number of pages14
JournalDiseases of the colon and rectum
Volume50
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

Keywords

  • Anastomosis
  • Anastomotic leak
  • Comparative
  • Complications
  • Crohn's disease
  • Recurrence
  • Reoperation
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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