A meta-analysis of father involvement in parent training

Brad W. Lundahl*, Derrik Tollefson, Heather Risser, M. Christine Lovejoy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

239 Scopus citations


Objective: Investigate (a) whether including fathers in parent training enhances outcomes and (b) whether mothers and fathers benefit equally from parent training. Method: Using traditional meta-analysis methodology, 26 studies that could answer the research questions were identified and meta-analyzed. Results: Studies that included fathers, compared with those that did not, reported significantly more positive changes in children's behavior and desirable parenting practices, but not in perceptions toward parenting. Compared with mothers, fathers reported fewer desirable gains from parent training. Conclusions: Fathers should not be excluded from parent training and should be encouraged to attend. Further research should seek to understand how parent-training programs might better meet the needs of fathers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-106
Number of pages10
JournalResearch on Social Work Practice
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2008


  • Father
  • Meta-analysis
  • Parent training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Psychology(all)


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