Mutations in immunoglobulin V-genes can be due to gene multiplication, allelic variations, mutations induced by antigens or somatic mutations, etc., and various combinations of these. Since the number of different mouse lambda light V-gene nucleotide sequences is relatively small, a pairwise comparison between these sequences can provide a rough idea as to the contributions of the above mechanisms to the number of nucleotide differences between sequences. A plot of occurrences against the number of differences suggests that differences between one to five can be attributed to somatic mutations. Six to 12 differences can be allelic. Thirteen to 17 may be due to allelic variations together with somatic mutations. Differences >17 appear to be derived from gene multiplication. Although these numbers are most likely somewhat different in humans, they can nevertheless provide a rough guide to sort out the effect of gene multiplication. Estimations of human heavy, kappa and lambda light chain immunoglobulin V-genes are in reasonably good agreement with recent experimental studies. For mouse kappa light and heavy chains, our estimations can provide some insight to future analyses by direct sequencing of these gene segments.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Mar 1 1997|
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