A method of estimating the numbers of human and mouse T cell receptors for antigen α and β chain V-genes

George Johnson, Tai T. Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

T cell receptors for antigen (TCR) V-genes are under a very restrictive evolutionary pressure in order to maintain their biological activities of interacting with MHC class I or II molecules and processed peptides at the protein level. This is in contrast to immunoglobulin V-genes which can mutate more freely. As we have discussed before, 17 or less nucleotide differences between any two mouse λ light chain V-genes can be due to somatic mutations induced by antigens, allelic variations, and the combination of these two mechanisms. Thus, a cut-off of 17 nucleotide differences has been used to estimate the numbers of the other human and mouse immunoglobulin chain V- genes. Except for mouse heavy chains where experimental study is not yet available, our estimated numbers are in good agreement with experimental findings. For TCR V-genes, however, this cut-off value should be modified as illustrated in the present analysis. Our estimation of the number of human TCR β chain V-genes is also in good agreement with the recent experimental study of sequencing 685 kb of that gene locus. Estimations for the numbers of human α mouse α and β chain V-genes will wait for future experimental verification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)580-583
Number of pages4
JournalImmunology and Cell Biology
Volume75
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • T cell receptor for antigen
  • V-gene numbers
  • α chain
  • β chain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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