A mixed double-sided incremental forming toolpath strategy for improved geometric accuracy

Zixuan Zhang, Huaqing Ren, Rui Xu, Newell Moser, Jacob Smith, Ebot Ndip-Agbor, Rajiv Malhotra, Z. Cedric Xia, Kornel F. Ehmann*, Jian Cao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Double-sided incremental forming (DSIF) is a relatively new dieless forming process which uses two hemispherical ended tools, one on each side of the sheet, moving along a predefined trajectory to locally deform a peripherally clamped sheet of metal. DSIF provides greater process flexibility, higher formability, and eliminates the tooling cost when compared to conventional sheet forming processes. While DSIF provides much improved geometric accuracy compared to other incremental forming processes, current toolpath planning strategies suffer from long forming times. A novel mixed double-sided incremental forming (MDSIF) toolpath strategy is proposed in the present study. It simultaneously reduces the total forming time by half while preserving the best currently achievable geometric accuracy. The effect of the forming parameters, i.e., of the incremental depth and of tool positioning on the geometric accuracy of the parts formed with MDSIF was investigated and compared to those formed by traditional DSIF strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number051007
JournalJournal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015


  • geometric accuracy
  • incremental forming
  • toolpath strategy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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