A Mixed-Methods Evaluation of Clinician Education Modules on Reducing Surgical Opioid Prescribing

Meagan L. Shallcross, Jonah J. Stulberg, Willemijn L.A. Schäfer, Barbara A. Buckley, Reiping Huang, Karl Y. Bilimoria, Julie K. Johnson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: In this study, we developed online interactive clinician education modules highlighting best practices to minimize opioid prescribing at discharge after surgery. The modules were implemented as part of a multicomponent quality improvement initiative across a six-hospital health system. This article describes the development and evaluation of this educational intervention. Materials and Methods: Clinician education modules targeting surgical prescribers, nurses, and pharmacists were developed and implemented by an interdisciplinary team. Clinicians were invited to participate in an evaluation survey after completing the modules. Survey items assessed clinicians’ rating of the module and intention to change clinical practice because of the module. Quantitative and qualitative survey responses were analyzed by the study team. Results: A total of 2119 clinicians completed the module and 1831 of these clinicians (86.4%) completed the survey. Of clinicians completing the survey, 65.6% reported that they intend to change clinical practice after completing the module. Intended changes were related to increased knowledge and awareness, provider empowerment, opioid prescribing practices, nonopioid prescribing practices, and patient education. Many clinicians who indicated they do not intend to change practice reported that their clinical practices were already in line with module recommendations. Some clinicians did not perceive the module to be relevant to their role. Conclusions: Module completion was associated with the intention to improve clinical practice in areas related to provider empowerment, opioid prescribing, nonopioid prescribing, and patient education. Evaluation data will inform future module improvements. There is an opportunity to ensure that all clinicians, including those who are not prescribers, recognize their role in opioid stewardship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • Clinician education
  • Evaluation
  • Opioid prescribing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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