A multicentre evaluation of the Elecsys ® anti-Müllerian hormone immunoassay for prediction of antral follicle count

Michael H. Jacobs*, Laura M. Reuter, Valerie L. Baker, La Tasha B. Craig, Denny Sakkas, Eric Surrey, Kevin J. Doody, Emily S. Jungheim, Aykut B. Bayrak, Martin Hund, Wilma D.J. Verhagen-Kamerbeek, Deborah Pardue, Katharina Buck, Barbara Timm

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Research question: What concentration of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) corresponds to an antral follicle count (AFC) >15 for determination of ovarian reserve? Design: A prospective study conducted at 13 US fertility clinics in women aged 21–44 years who presented for AFC evaluation by transvaginal ultrasound. Serum samples were collected at the time of AFC evaluation (menstrual cycle day 2–4). AMH concentrations were measured by the Elecsys ® AMH immunoassay; oestradiol and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) concentrations were also measured. The serum AMH cut-off able to detect AFC >15 with high sensitivity was determined (derivation cohort). Clinical performance of the AMH assay at the derived cut-off was evaluated (validation cohort). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were also performed. Results: In the derivation cohort (n = 306), an optimal serum AMH cut-off value of 1.77 ng/ml was determined to correspond to AFC >15 with 89.63% sensitivity and 69.01% specificity, using the Elecsys AMH assay. In the validation cohort (n = 856), this 1.77 ng/ml cut-off could identify women with an AFC >15 with a sensitivity of 88.34% and a specificity of 68.29%; corresponding positive predictive and negative predictive values were 75.19% and 84.34%, respectively. ROC analyses demonstrated that AMH performed better than oestradiol or FSH in predicting AFC, with area under the curves of 85.7%, 57.1% and 69.7%, respectively, in the validation cohort. Conclusion: The Elecsys AMH immunoassay provides a robust and fully automated method to measure serum AMH levels. Women with AMH values below the cut-off of 1.77 ng/ml are unlikely to have AFC >15.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)845-852
Number of pages8
JournalReproductive biomedicine online
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anti-Müllerian hormone
  • Antral follicle count
  • Ommunoassay
  • Ovarian reserve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology

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    Jacobs, M. H., Reuter, L. M., Baker, V. L., Craig, L. T. B., Sakkas, D., Surrey, E., Doody, K. J., Jungheim, E. S., Bayrak, A. B., Hund, M., Verhagen-Kamerbeek, W. D. J., Pardue, D., Buck, K., & Timm, B. (2019). A multicentre evaluation of the Elecsys ® anti-Müllerian hormone immunoassay for prediction of antral follicle count Reproductive biomedicine online, 38(5), 845-852. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbmo.2018.12.041