The feasibility of a family-based clinic-integrated behavioral intervention to improve family management of type 1 diabetes was evaluated. In each of four clinical sites, 30-32 families (a total of 122) were randomized to intervention or usual care comparison groups. The WE*CAN intervention, based on family problem-solving methods, was delivered during three routine clinic visits by trained 'Health Advisors'. Of eligible families across the four sites, 83% agreed to participate, of whom 96% completed the baseline, mid-term, and postintervention assessments. Families participated in an average of 2.85 intervention sessions over an 8-month period. The intervention was integrated into the clinic setting without impairing clinic flow and was implemented with fidelity and consistency across sites by trained non-professionals. The findings provide evidence of the feasibility of conducting a multisite trial to evaluate the effects of a clinic-integrated problem-solving intervention to improve family management. Many lessons were learned that provide guidance for recruitment, measurement, and intervention for the larger clinical trial.
- Clinical trial
- Type 1 diabetes mellitus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism