We have generated mutations in mouse placental lactogen II, a hormone in the PRL/GH family that binds to the PRL receptor, to investigate the role of the conserved cysteine residues in hormone function. Disruption of the small C-terminal disulfide loop did not significantly alter hormone activity. Substitution of serine for cysteine-51, which prevents formation of the large disulfide loop, results in a protein equivalent to placental lactogen II in receptor-binding activity; however, this mutant protein is not mitogenic in an assay for lactogenic hormones. These results indicate that PRL receptor occupancy and activation are distinct events.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology