A neuron autonomous role for the familial dysautonomia gene ELP1 in sympathetic and sensory target tissue innervation

Marisa Z. Jackson, Katherine A. Gruner, Charles Qin, Warren G. Tourtellotte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Familial dysautonomia (FD) is characterized by severe and progressive sympathetic and sensory neuron loss caused by a highly conserved germline point mutation of the human ELP1/IKBKAP gene. Elp1 is a subunit of the hetero-hexameric transcriptional elongator complex, but how it functions in disease-vulnerable neurons is unknown. Conditional knockout mice were generated to characterize the role of Elp1 in migration, differentiation and survival of migratory neural crest (NC) progenitors that give rise to sympathetic and sensory neurons. Loss of Elp1 in NC progenitors did not impair their migration, proliferation or survival, but there was a significant impact on post-migratory sensory and sympathetic neuron survival and target tissue innervation. Ablation of Elp1 in post-migratory sympathetic neurons caused highly abnormal target tissue innervation that was correlated with abnormal neurite outgrowth/branching and abnormal cellular distribution of soluble tyrosinated α-tubulin in Elp1-deficient primary sympathetic and sensory neurons. These results indicate that neuron loss and physiologic impairment in FD is not a consequence of abnormal neuron progenitor migration, differentiation or survival. Rather, loss of Elp1 leads to neuron death as a consequence of failed target tissue innervation associated with impairments in cytoskeletal regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2452-2461
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopment (Cambridge)
Volume141
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Autonomic neuropathy
  • Cell migration
  • ELP1
  • Familial dysautonomia
  • IKBKAP
  • Neural crest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology

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