A new peptide motif present in the protective antigen of anthrax toxin exerts its efficiency on the cellular uptake of liposomes and applications for a dual-ligand system

Golam Kibria, Hiroto Hatakeyama, Hideyoshi Harashima*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Protective antigen (PA) is a nontoxic protein present in anthrax toxin. Domain 4 of PA (PA-D4) acts as a receptor binding site for tumor endothelial marker 8 (TEM8). In this study, KYND motif from PA-D4 was utilized as a ligand against TEM8. The efficiency of KYND motif on cellular association was assessed by evaluating the cellular uptake of PEGylated liposomes (PEG-LPs) in TEM8 positive and negative cells. The peptide was attached on the top of the PEG of PEG-LP. Compared to PEG-LP, KYND modified PEG-LP (KYND-PEG-LP) enhanced the cellular uptake to a greater extent in all cell lines. Based on the inhibition assay, no receptor involvement was observed in the cellular association of KYND-PEG-LP, suggesting that KYND motif functions as a cell penetrating peptide (CPP) which facilitated the internalization of PEG-LP via clathrin mediated endocytosis pathway. Further enhancement of cellular uptake was observed when KYND-PEG-LP was combined with octaarginine (R8) on the surface of lipid membrane as dual-CPP ligand formulation, however, when PEG-LP combined with only R8, only negligible enhancement was observed. These findings suggest that two CPP ligands act in a synergistic fashion; therefore the dual-CPP ligand based liposomal formulation can be assumed to be an effective delivery system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-114
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Volume412
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 30 2011

Keywords

  • Anthrax toxin
  • Cell penetrating peptide
  • Dual-ligand
  • Liposomes
  • Tumor endothelial marker 8

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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