A novel algorithm for removing artifacts from EEG data

Yongcheng Li, Po T. Wang, Mukta P. Vaidya, Y. Charles Liu, Marc W. Slutzky, An H. Do

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent years, many studies examined if EEG signals from traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients can be used for new rehabilitation technologies, such as BCI systems. However, extraction of the high-gamma band related to movement remains challenging due to the presence of surface electromyogram (sEMG) caused by unconscious facial and head movement of patients. In this paper, we proposed a modified independent component analysis (ICA) model for EMG artifact removal in the EEG data from TBI patients with a hemicraniectomy. Here, simulated EMG was generated and added to the raw EEG data as the extra channels for independent components calculation. After running ICA, the independent components (ICs) related to artifacts were identified and rejected automatically through several criteria. EEG data underlying hand movement from one healthy subject and one TBI patient with a hemicraniectomy were conducted to verify the efficacy of this algorithm. Results showed that the proposed algorithm removed sEMG artifacts from the EEG data by up to 86.72% while preserving the associated brain features. In particular, the high-gamma band (80 to 160 Hz) was found to arise principally from the hemicraniectomy area after this technique was applied. Meanwhile, we found that the magnitude of gamma power during movement improved after removal of sEMG artifacts.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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