A novel immunological model for the study of prostate cancer

Navesh Sharma, Jun Luo, Dawn A. Kirschmann, Yunxia O'Malley, Michael E.C. Robbins, Emmanuel T. Akporiaye, David M. Lubaroff, Paul M. Heidger, Mary J.C. Hendrix*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The Dunning R-3327 rat prostatic adenocarcinoma is a widely accepted model for in vivo experimental studies of prostate cancer. We have previously derived phenotypically distinct cell lines from a s.c. tumor resulting from the inoculation of the R-3327-5 subclone into Copenhagen rats. In this study, we report studies using a gelatin sponge model for the delivery of tumor cells and the retrieval of tumor-specific leukocytes responsive to different prostatic cell lines. S.c. preimplanted sponges were inoculated with tumor cells previously selected for differential properties of tumor formation and metastasis and examined for leukocyte content at time points of 1, 3, and 5 weeks after tumor cell inoculation. Cytospin and flow cytometric analyses revealed fewer tumor-associated leukocytes present in sponges inoculated with tumorigenic R-3327-5' and R-3327-5'B lines, with lesser sponge degradation, than in experiments with the nontumorigenic R-3327-5'A line, suggestive of a tumor cell-induced immunomodulatory mechanism. Morphological studies indicate an intermittent tumor growth pattern that gradually disappears in sponges inoculated with the nontumorigenic R-3327-5'A cells but a robust growth pattern in sponges inoculated with the tumorigenic cell lines. Cytokine analyses show the secretion of higher levels of active transforming growth factor-β by the more invasive and metastatic lines. Total transforming growth factor-β levels are higher in the epithelial, tumorigenic R-3327-5'B line. Additionally, the more tumorigenic lines secrete interleukin 10, a potent immunosuppressive molecule. In this report, we demonstrate the ability to retrieve viable leukocyte populations from a prostate tumor line bearing sponges, which offers an important model for further in vitro and in vivo manipulations and holds promise for testing adoptive immunotherapeutic strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2271-2276
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 15 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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