A novel mouse model that develops spontaneous arthritis and is predisposed towards atherosclerosis

Shawn Rose, Mesut Eren, Sheila Murphy, Heng Zhang, Colby Shad Thaxton, Jaime Chowaniec, Emily A. Waters, Thomas J. Meade, Douglas E. Vaughan, Harris Perlman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Objectives: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have a reduced life expectancy due to increased cardiovascular disease. The lack of a suitable animal model resembling both RA and atherosclerosis has hindered studies demonstrating a direct link between systemic inflammation in RA and the development of atherosclerosis. Our objective was to overcome this barrier by generating an animal model (K/BxAg7) that spontaneously develops both RA-like disease and atherosclerosis. Methods: Arthritis severity was evaluated using clinical indices and immunohistochemical staining of ankle joint specimens. Aortic atherosclerosis was delineated via Sudan IV staining and immunohistochemical analysis. Serum cholesterol and lipoprotein levels were measured using enzymatic assays. Serum levels of cytokines, chemokines and adipokines were determined by Luminex assays. Results: K/BxAg7 mice developed a destructive arthropathy followed by prominent aortic atherosclerosis. These animals also displayed dyslipidaemia, characterised by reduced serum levels of total cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein, and increased low-density lipoprotein (LDL)/vLDL compared with control mice. Further, there were higher levels of circulating inflammatory mediators, such as interleukin-6, sRANKL and CCL5 in atherosclerotic K/BxAg7 mice compared with controls. Treatment with etanercept reduced arthritis and atherosclerosis development in K/BxAg7 mice. Conclusions: K/BxA g7 mice recapitulate the same sequence of events occurring in patients with RA, namely an erosive, inflammatory arthritis followed by atherosclerosis. These data suggest that the K/BxAg7mouse is a novel system for investigating the interplay between systemic inflammation occurring in RA and the development of atherosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of the rheumatic diseases
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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