Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of lipid storage with prominent neurologic features. The disease is associated with mutations in CYP27, which encodes mitochondrial sterol 27- hydroxylase, an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of sterol intermediates during bile acid synthesis. The loss of this enzyme results in accumulation of cholestanol in the nervous system and other tissues. Six different mutations have been previously described in CTX. We analyzed a Pakistani family, which included four affected individuals with clinical characteristics of CTX, for mutations in CYP27. The exons of CYP27 in the family DNA were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and analyzed for mutations by band shifts (single stranded conformational polymorphism [SSCP]) and DNA sequencing. The PCR product for exon 4 showed an SSCP change in this family. The DNA of affected individuals showed an abnormal mobility pattern interpreted as homozygous for the mutation. One non-affected sibling was homozygous for the normal migrating pattern, whereas the parents and another non-affected sibling were heterozygous. The sequence of exon 4 of affected individuals showed a substitution of C to T in codon 237, thus substituting arginine to a stop codon. This mutation would terminate the translation, which may result in a protein half the size of the wild type rendering it practically inactive.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology