Background: Safe and efficacious topical treatments are needed for atopic dermatitis (AD). Objective: We assessed the safety and efficacy of tapinarof cream (2 concentrations and 2 application frequencies) in patients with AD. Methods: A double-blind, vehicle-controlled, randomized, 6-arm trial (1:1:1:1:1:1) in patients age 12 to 65 years, with body surface area involvement of at least 5% to 35% and an Investigator's Global Assessment score of 3 or higher (moderate to severe) at baseline. Primary end points included an Investigator's Global Assessment score of clear or almost clear (0 or 1) and a minimum 2-grade improvement (treatment success) at week 12. Secondary analyses included a 75% or greater improvement in Eczema Area and Severity Index score, reduction of numeric rating scale (NRS) score for itch from baseline, and other prespecified end points. Results: The rates of treatment success with tapinarof cream at week 12 were 53% (a concentration of 1% twice daily), 46% (a concentration of 1% once daily), 37% (a concentration of 0.5% twice daily), 34% (0.5% once daily), 24% (vehicle twice daily), and 28% (vehicle once daily). The rate with a concentration of 1% twice daily (53%) was statistically significantly higher than the rate with vehicle twice daily (24%). Treatment success was maintained for 4 weeks after the end of tapinarof treatment. The rate of treatment-emergent adverse events was higher with tapinarof (93 of 165 [56%]) than with vehicle (34 of 82 [41%]), and the events were mild to moderate in intensity. Limitations: Large confirmation trials are needed. Conclusions: Tapinarof cream is efficacious and well tolerated in adolescent and adult patients with AD.
- atopic dermatitis
- therapeutic aryl hydrocarbon receptor modulating agent
ASJC Scopus subject areas