A phase i trial of repeated intrapleural adenoviral-mediated interferon-β gene transfer for mesothelioma and metastatic pleural effusions

Daniel H. Sterman, Adri Recio, Andrew R. Haas, Anil Vachani, Sharyn I. Katz, Colin T. Gillespie, Guanjun Cheng, Jing Sun, Edmund Moon, Luana Pereira, Xinzhong Wang, Daniel F. Heitjan, Leslie Litzky, Carl H. June, Robert H. Vonderheide, Richard G. Carroll, Steven M. Albelda

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93 Scopus citations


We previously showed that a single intrapleural dose of an adenoviral vector expressing interferon-Β (Ad.IFN-Β) in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) or malignant pleural effusions (MPE) resulted in gene transfer, humoral antitumor immune responses, and anecdotal clinical responses manifested by modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) disease stability in 3 of 10 patients at 2 months and an additional patient with significant metabolic response on positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. This phase I trial was conducted to determine whether using two doses of Ad.IFN-Β vector would be superior. Ten patients with MPM and seven with MPE received two doses of Ad.IFN-Β through an indwelling pleural catheter. Repeated doses were generally well tolerated. High levels of IFN-Β were detected in pleural fluid after the first dose; however, only minimal levels were seen after the second dose of vector. Lack of expression correlated with the rapid induction of neutralizing Ad antibodies (Nabs). Antibody responses against tumor antigens were induced in most patients. At 2 months, modified RECIST responses were as follows: one partial response, two stable disease, nine progressive disease, and two nonmeasurable disease. One patient died after 1 month. By PET scanning, 2 patients had mixed responses and 11 had stable disease. There were seven patients with survival times longer than 18 months. This approach was safe, induced immune responses and disease stability. However, rapid development of Nabs prevented effective gene transfer after the second dose, even with a dose interval as short as 7 days.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)852-860
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Therapy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2010


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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