A phase II study evaluating the efficacy and safety of AMG 102 (rilotumumab) in patients with recurrent glioblastoma

Patrick Y. Wen, David Schiff, Timothy F. Cloughesy, Jeffrey J. Raizer, John Laterra, Melanie Smitt, Michael Wolf, Kelly S. Oliner, Abraham Anderson, Min Zhu, Elwyn Loh, David A. Reardon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations

Abstract

This phase II study evaluated the efficacy and safety of AMG 102 (rilotumumab), a fully human monoclonal antibody against hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF), in patients with recurrent glioblastoma (GBM). Patients with histologically confirmed, measurable recurrent GBM or gliosarcoma (World Health Organization grade 4) and ≤3 relapses or prior systemic therapies received AMG 102 (10 or 20 mg/kg) by infusion every 2 weeks. The primary endpoint was best confirmed objective response rate (central assessment) per Macdonald criteria. Of the 61 patients who enrolled, 60 received AMG 102. Twenty-nine patients (48%) had previously received bevacizumab. There were no objective responses per central assessment, but 1 patient had an objective response per investigator assessment. Median overall survival (95% CI) in the 10- and 20-mg/kg cohorts was 6.5 months (4.1-9.8) and 5.4 months (3.4-11.4), respectively, and progression-free survival (PFS) per central assessment was 4.1 weeks (4.0-4.1) and 4.3 weeks (4.1-8.1), respectively. PFS was similar among patients who had previously received bevacizumab compared with bevacizumab-naive patients. The most common adverse events were fatigue (38%), headache (33%), and peripheral edema (23%). AMG 102 serum concentrations increased approximately dose-proportionally with 2-fold accumulation at steady state. Plasma total HGF/SF and soluble c-Met concentrations increased 12.05- and 1.12-fold, respectively, from baseline during AMG 102 treatment. AMG 102 monotherapy at doses up to 20 mg/kg was not associated with significant antitumor activity in heavily pretreated patients with recurrent GBM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-446
Number of pages10
JournalNeuro-oncology
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

Keywords

  • AMG 102
  • C-Met
  • Glioblastoma
  • Hepatocyte growth factor
  • Phase II clinical trial.
  • Rilotumumab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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