A pilot study of a top-tier contraception simulation program to improve long-acting reversible contraception practices among health care trainees

Jessica M. Madrigal, Kelly Stempinksi-Metoyer, Camille A. Johnson, Ashlesha Patel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Objectives: Long-acting reversible contraception methods are effective tools in family planning. However, resident physicians and other health care trainees may experience knowledge gaps and low utilization because of limited opportunity for training. The purpose of this pilot study is to evaluate self-assessed knowledge, counseling, and long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) device placement skills among health care trainees who attended a 1-day simulation-based training. In addition, we describe a simulation-based training program we developed to facilitate the use of LARC among health professionals. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional evaluation of health care trainees attending simulation-based training on 2 occasions in 2017 and one occasion in 2018 in Chicago, Illinois. Participants rated their experience, comfort providing counseling, and placement skills with all LARC methods. Knowledge was measured using a series of multiple-choice questions. Responses to the survey were summarized using frequencies and percentages. Results: A total of 253 health care professionals attended the simulations, and 244 completed the presurvey (96.4% response rate). Of those, 172 respondents were health care trainees, of which a majoritywere resident physicians.More than half reported never using top-tier methods in practice. Most indicated moderate to low knowledge to counsel patients and low skills to place each of the devices before training; self-reported knowledge and skills increased after completing training. Presimulation knowledge scores ranged from 0 to 19, with a median score of 14 of 19 correct responses. After training, average scores increased by 3 points (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: One-day training events can provide didactic education and simulationbased skills training in device placement that may result in increased access among the patients served by these providers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-403
Number of pages7
JournalSimulation in Healthcare
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • Family planning
  • Intrauterine device
  • Long-acting reversible contraception
  • Mannequin-based simulation
  • Subdermal implant
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Education
  • Modeling and Simulation


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