A pilot study of the nutritional status of opiate-using pregnant women on methadone maintenance therapy

Laura Elizabeth Tomedi*, Debra L. Bogen, Barbara H. Hanusa, Katherine L. Wisner, Lisa M. Bodnar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pregnant women in methadone maintenance therapy may have poor nutrition during pregnancy. In 20062008, methadone-treated pregnant women (n = 22) were recruited at an urban academic medical center and compared with nondrug-using pregnant women (n = 119) at 2035 weeks' gestation. We measured adiposity using prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), dietary intake using a food frequency questionnaire, and micronutrient and essential fatty acid status using biomarkers. Methadone-treated women had lower BMI, consumed more calories, had lower serum carotenoid concentrations, and higher plasma homocysteine concentrations than controls. The study's limitations and implications for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-295
Number of pages10
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • Dietary intake
  • Methadone
  • Nutrition
  • Nutritional biomarkers
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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