A Postacute Care Function Process Quality Measure for the Collection of Standardized Self-Care and Mobility Data: Development, Implementation, and Quality Measure Scores

Anne Deutsch*, Lauren Palmer, Tara McMullen, Tri Le, Matt Toth, Molly Marino, Molly Vaughan, Carole Schwartz, Alrick Edwards

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To describe the development of and quality measure scores for the cross-setting postacute care function process quality measure that requires the collection of standardized self-care and mobility data at admission and discharge and at least 1 function goal. Design: Description of the development and implementation of the quality measure and the associated standardized self-care and mobility data elements. Descriptive analyses of quality measure scores for the first calendar year using data from the Minimum Data Set, the Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Patient Assessment Instrument, the Long-Term Care Hospitals (LTCH) Continuity Assessment Record and Evaluation Data Set, and Outcome and Assessment Information Set. Setting: 15,127 skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), 1129 inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs), 414 LTCHs, and 10,352 home health agencies (HHAs) in the United States. Participants: In total there were 9,216,943 stays/quality episodes (N = 9,216,943), including 2,084,774 SNF Medicare fee-for-service patient stays, 493,209 IRF Medicare patient stays, 161,714 patient stays, and 6,477,246 Medicare and Medicaid quality episodes. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Scores for the cross-setting postacute care function process quality measure. Results: The mean process quality measure scores for SNFs, IRFs, LTCHs, and HHAs were 95.5%, 99.7%, 99.1%, and 95.8, respectively. The 10th percentile scores for SNFs, IRFs, LTCHs, and HHAs were 88.5%, 99.3%, 98.4%, and 89.4, respectively, indicating that at least 90% of postacute care providers submitted the standardized data for a large proportion of their patients. Mean quality measure scores did not vary by provider characteristics. Conclusions: Most SNFs, IRFs, LTCHs, and HHAs submitted the self-care and mobility data, resulting in high quality measure scores during the first year of implementation. The availability of the standardized self-care and mobility data across postacute care settings offers the opportunity to compare the characteristics and functional outcomes of patients treated in postacute care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1061-1069
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Volume103
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Activities of daily living
  • Health care
  • Home health agencies
  • Hospital
  • Long-term care hospitals
  • Post-acute care
  • Quality indicators, Rehabilitation, Skilled nursing facilities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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