The development and integration of electronic patient-reported outcomes (ePROs) into the radiation oncology clinic workflow provide novel opportunities, accompanied by unique design considerations and implementation challenges. The processes required for implementation of ePROs are entirely distinct from standard paper-based surveys, with the majority of time devoted to conception and design before initiating questionnaire build, detailed workflow process mapping including development of new workflows, comprehensive communication of the vision between providers and the information technology team, and quality assurance. Based on our experience with implementation of ePROs in our radiation oncology department, we developed a stepwise framework for approaching ePRO conceptual design, build, workflow integration, and the electronic health record interface. Here, we provide a guide for the numerous considerations, decision points, and solutions associated with the implementation of ePROs in the radiation oncology department setting. Although various ePRO tools and electronic health record capabilities impose different requirements, opportunities, and limitations, the conceptual processes and many of the electronic build considerations are broadly applicable.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging