Objective. To develop and propose a standardized battery of neuropsychological tests for the assessment of cognitive functioning of children and adolescents with pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods. A committee of health care professionals involved in the assessment of pediatric SLE patients reviewed the literature to identify cognitive domains most commonly affected in pediatric SLE and in adult SLE. They then reviewed the standardized tests available for children and adolescents that assess the cognitive domains identified. Through a structured consensus formation process, the committee considered the psychometric characteristics and durations of the tests. Results. A test battery was developed that appears suitable to provide a comprehensive assessment of cognitive domains commonly affected by pediatric SLE within a 2.5-hour period. Conclusion. It is hoped that the consistent use of this reliable and efficient battery increases the practicality of routine evaluations in pediatric SLE, enabling between-cohort comparisons and facilitating the longitudinal assessment of individual patients over time.
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