A prospective randomized trial of a residents-as-teachers training program

Gary L. Dunnington*, Debra DaRosa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


Purpose. To develop, implement, and evaluate a course for improving the teaching skills of surgery residents. Method. Responses from residents at four general surgery training programs to a needs assessment survey were used to develop a two-day course for improving teaching skills. Residents at two surgical training programs were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups, and experimental residents participated in and evaluated the newly devised course. Six to seven months later, experimental and control residents' teaching performances were evaluated using a five-station objective structured teaching evaluation (OSTE). Differences between the residents' performances were calculated using Mann-Whitney U, chi-square analysis, or Fisher's exact test. Results. Participating residents rated the course highly. They considered the interactive nature of the course its greatest strength. As measured by the OSTE, the performances of the residents differed least significantly in the feedback station, where the residents in the experimental groups showed significant improvement on only one of seven items at one institution, and only one of nine items at the other. The greatest differences occurred in the microskills teaching station, where the residents at one institution performed significantly better than did their control counterparts on four of five items and in overall performance. Conclusion. This study demonstrates the value of a needs assessment in developing a course to improve residents' teaching skills. Such courses must provide active learning with opportunities for practicing skills and, following the course, ongoing feedback to maintain changes in teaching behaviors. The curriculum developed in this study has been put into a transportable form that includes an instructor's manual providing guidelines and suggestions for implementation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)696-700
Number of pages5
JournalAcademic Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


Dive into the research topics of 'A prospective randomized trial of a residents-as-teachers training program'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this