A cardiac history, a physical examination, an electrocardiogram, phonocardiograms in the supine and standing positions, and an M-mode echocardiogram were obtained in 100 randomly selected, presumably healthy, male medical students (mean age, 26 years). Four percent met standard echocardiographic criteria for mitral valvular prolapse. No midsystolic clicks or late systolic murmurs were appreciated in this group, and none complained of chest pain or palpitations. To elucidate further the clinical implications of the echocardiographic pattern of mitral valvular prolapse, 24-hour ambulatory ECGs, multistage exercise tests, and scintiscans of myocardial perfusion at rest and after exercise (using radioactive 13nitrogen-labelled ammonium) were obtained, with normal results. The absence of life-threatening arrhythmias and exercise-induced abnormalities in these four asymptomatic subjects without abnormal physical findings suggests that the echocardiographic pattern of mitral valvular prolapse in such individuals may represent a variant of normal which does not require extensive evaluation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine