A Qualitative Assessment of Return to Sport After Hip Arthroscopy for Femoroacetabular Impingement

Vehniah K. Tjong*, Charles J. Cogan, Brett D. Riederman, Michael A. Terry

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is known to produce excellent outcomes, yet some patients do not return to their preinjury level of sport participation. Much literature on return to sport has revolved around anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and even shoulder instability, but none to date have used qualitative, semistructured patient interviews on patients with hip labral tears. Purpose: To understand the factors influencing the decision to return to sport after arthroscopic hip surgery for FAI. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: An experienced interviewer conducted qualitative, semistructured interviews of patients aged 18 to 60 years who had arthroscopic hip surgery for FAI. All had preinjury participation in sport and a minimum 2-year follow-up with no revision surgery. Qualitative analysis was then performed to derive codes, categories, and themes. An assessment of preinjury and current sports participation by type, level of competition, and frequency along with patient-reported hip function was also obtained. In addition, current modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), international Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-12), Hip Outcome Score–sports-specific subscale (HOS-SSS), and a coping mechanism evaluation (Brief COPE) were also recorded. Results: A total of 23 patients were interviewed to reveal the overarching themes of internal motivation, external encouragement, and resetting expectations as the predominant factors influencing a patient’s decision to return to preinjury sport. Subjective outcome measurements (mHHS, iHOT-12, patient satisfaction) showed significant differences between patients who did and did not return to sport. Interestingly, the adaptive and maladaptive coping mechanisms matched and supported our themes in those patients who described fear and self-motivation as defining features influencing their cessation of or return to play, respectively. Conclusion: Self-motivation, aging, pain, encouragement from others, and adapting to physical limitations can largely affect a patient’s decision to return to sport after arthroscopic hip surgery for FAI. Innate coping mechanisms may also help to predict the course of and subsequently aid in a patient’s postoperative recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOrthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume4
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 17 2016

Keywords

  • femoroacetabular impingement
  • hip arthroscopy
  • qualitative interview
  • return to sport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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