A Quantitative Description of the Binding Equilibria of para-­‐Substituted Aniline Ligands and CdSe Quantum Dots

M. Donakowski, J. Godbe, R. Sknepnek, K. Knowles, M. Olvera de la Cruz, E. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper describes the use of 1H NMR spectroscopy to measure the equilibrium constants for the solution-phase binding of two para-substituted aniline molecules (R-An), p-methoxyaniline (MeO-An) and p-bromoaniline (Br-An), to colloidal 4.1 nm CdSe quantum dots (QDs). Changes in the chemical shifts of the aromatic protons located ortho to the amine group on R-An were used to construct a binding isotherm for each R-An/QD system. These isotherms fit to a Langmuir function to yield Ka, the equilibrium constant for binding of the R-An ligands to the QDs; Ka ≈ 150 M−1 and ΔGads ≈ −19 kJ/mol for both R = MeO and R = Br. 31P NMR indicates that the native octylphosphonate ligands, which, by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy, cover 90% of the QD surface, are not displaced upon binding of R-An. The MeO-An ligand quenches the photoluminescence of the QDs at much lower concentrations than does Br-An; the observation, therefore, that Ka,MeO-An ≈ Ka,Br-An shows that this difference in quenching efficiencies is due solely to differences in the nature of the electronic interactions of the bound R-An with the excitonic state of the QD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22526-22534
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume114
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

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