A randomized controlled trial of epoprostenol therapy for severe congestive heart failure: The Flolan International Randomized Survival Trial (FIRST)

R. M. Califf*, K. F. Adams, W. J. McKenna, M. Gheorghiade, B. F. Uretsky, S. E. McNulty, H. Darius, K. Schulman, F. Zannad, E. Handberg-Thurmond, Jr Harrell F.E., W. Wheeler, J. Soler-Soler, K. Swedberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

531 Scopus citations

Abstract

This trial evaluated the effects of epoprostenol on patients with severe left ventricular failure. Patients with class IIIB/IV congestive heart failure and decreased left ventricular ejection fraction were eligible for enrollment if angiography documented severely compromised hemodynamics while the patient was receiving a regimen of digoxin, diuretics, and an angiotensinconverting enzyme inhibitor. We randomly assigned 471 patients to epoprostenol infusion or standard care. The primary end point was survival; secondary end points were clinical events, congestive heart failure symptoms, distance walked in 6 minutes, aria quality-of-life measures. The median dose of epoprostenol was 4.0 ng/kg/min, resulting in a significant increase in cardiac index (1.81 to 2.6 L/min/m2), a decrease in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (24.5 to 20.0 mm Hg), and a decrease in systemic vascular resistance (20.76 to 12.33 units). The trial was terminated early because of a strong trend toward decreased survival in the patients treated with epoprostenol. Chronic intravenous epoprostenol therapy is not associated with improvement in distance walked, quality of life, or morbid events and is associated with an increased risk of death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-54
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican heart journal
Volume134
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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