A relational structure of voluntary visual-attention abilities

Katie Ann Skogsberg*, Marcia Grabowecky, Joshua Wilt, William Revelle, Lucica Iordanescu, Satoru Suzuki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many studies have examined attention mechanisms involved in specific behavioral tasks (e.g., search, tracking, distractor inhibition). However, relatively little is known about the relationships among those attention mechanisms. Is there a fundamental attention faculty that makes a person superior or inferior at most types of attention tasks, or do relatively independent processes mediate different attention skills? We focused on individual differences in voluntary visual-attention abilities using a battery of 11 representative tasks. An application of parallel analysis, hierarchical-cluster analysis, and multidimensional scaling to the intertask correlation matrix revealed 4 functional clusters, representing spatiotemporal attention, global attention, transient attention, and sustained attention, organized along 2 dimensions, one contrasting spatiotemporal and global attention and the other contrasting transient and sustained attention. Comparison with the neuroscience literature suggests that the spatiotemporal-global dimension corresponds to the dorsal frontoparietal circuit and the transient-sustained dimension corresponds to the ventral frontoparietal circuit, with distinct subregions mediating the separate clusters within each dimension. We also obtained highly specific patterns of gender difference and of deficits for college students with elevated attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder traits. These group differences suggest that different mechanisms of voluntary visual attention can be selectively strengthened or weakened based on genetic, experiential, and/or pathological factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)761-789
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Correlational structure
  • Gender difference
  • Individual differences
  • Voluntary visual attention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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