A reliable method for monitoring intraabdominal pressure during natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery

M. F. McGee, M. J. Rosen, J. Marks*, A. Chak, R. Onders, A. Faulx, A. Ignagni, S. Schomisch, J. Ponsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


Background: Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) provides surgical access to the peritoneal cavity without skin incisions. The NOTES procedure requires pneumoperitoneum for visualization and manipulation of abdominal organs, similar to laparoscopy. Accurate measurement of the pneumoperitoneum pressure is essential to avoid potentially deleterious effects of intraabdominal compartment syndrome. A reliable method for monitoring pneumoperitoneum pressures during NOTES has not been identified. This study evaluated several methods of monitoring intraabdominal pressures with a standard gastroscope during NOTES. Methods: Four female pigs (25 kg) were sedated, and a single-channel gastroscope was passed transgastrically into the peritoneal cavity. Pneumoperitoneum was achieved via a pressure insufflator through a percutaneous, intraperitoneal 14-gauge catheter. Three other pressures were recorded via separate catheters. First, a 14-gauge percutaneous catheter passed intraperitoneally measured true intraabdominal pressure. Second, a 14-gauge tube attached to the endoscope was used to measure endoscope tip pressure. The third pressure transducer was connected directly to the accessory channel of the endoscope. The abdomen was insufflated to a range of pressures (10-30 mmHg), and simultaneous pressures were recorded from all three pressure sensors. Results: Pressure correlation curves were developed for all animals across all intraperitoneal pressures (mean error, -4.25 to -1 mmHg). Endoscope tip pressures correlated with biopsy channel pressures (R2= 0.99). Biopsy channel and endoscope tip pressures fit a least-squares linear model to predict actual intraabdominal pressure (R = 0.99 for both). Both scope tip and biopsy channel port pressures were strongly correlative with true intraabdominal pressures (R2 = 0.98 and R2= 0.99, respectively). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that monitoring pressure through an endoscope is reliable and predictive of true intraabdominal pressure. Gastroscope pressure monitoring is a useful adjunct to NOTES. Future NOTES procedures should incorporate continuous intraabdominal pressure monitoring to avoid the potentially deleterious effects of pneumoperitoneum during NOTES. This can be achieved by the integration of pressure-monitoring capabilities into gastroscopes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)672-676
Number of pages5
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2007


  • Abdominal
  • Endoscopy
  • G-I
  • Pneumoperitoneum
  • Therapeutic/Palliation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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