A review of internal hernias related to congenital peritoneal fossae and apertures

Linda Kelahan*, Christine O. Menias, Lawrence Chow

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Congenital-type internal hernias have the potential to cause small bowel obstruction well into adulthood. Congenital-type internal hernias include left paraduodenal, right paraduodenal, foramen of Winslow, pericecal, sigmoid mesocolon, transomental, small bowel mesentery, and broad ligament hernias. This review summarizes CT imaging features and complications of congenital internal hernias using a systematic approach based on abdominopelvic quadrants and key anatomic features. CT imaging will continue to be commonly used to evaluate abdominal pain. Anatomical landmarks and characteristic CT findings can help identify congenital internal hernias as a potential cause of abdominal pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1825-1836
Number of pages12
JournalAbdominal Radiology
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Abdominal pain
  • Bowel obstruction
  • CT
  • Congenital
  • Internal hernia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology

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