A review of learning with normal and altered sound-localization cues in human adults

Beverly A. Wright*, Yuxuan Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

44 Scopus citations


Humans use several cues to determine the position of sound sources in space. Here we provide a review of the literature on how practice influences sound-localization performance in human adults. We divided this literature into two categories: adaptation to alterations in sound-localization cues and learning with normal, unaltered cues. For altered cues, partial adaptation has been reported with a variety of cue transformations, except in the extreme case in which the cues were reversed between the two ears. For normal cues, improvement has been observed in some but not all experiments, though the most recent data generally show learning. Thus, the reviewed data indicated that human adults can recalibrate, as well as refine the use of, sound-localization cues, and that training regimens can be developed to enhance sound-localization performance in individuals with normal and impaired localization abilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S92-S98
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006


  • Adaptation
  • Human
  • Interaural level difference
  • Interaural time difference
  • Learning
  • Sound localization
  • Spectral cues

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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